What Causes Heel Pain, Treatment and Care
The pain on the heel is often prompted by pressure exerted on plantar fascia, sometimes this condition is also known as heel spur syndrome because the spur is present, it is also important to note that heel pain can also result from a stress fracture, arthritis, tendonitis, or on a rare case a cyst. Because there a numerous possible reasons one experience pain on the heel, it is a good thing to look for a reputable and experienced ankle surgeon to properly examine you for proper diagnoses, a good ankle surgeon can identify all possibilities and determine the source of your heel pain. Many people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, it is simply swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, where it is the cause of your heel pain the membrane becomes irritated first and later swell cause the heel to pain. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is poor foot structure, this is observed in people with flat feet, abnormal arched feet, or people with arches problems, plantar fasciitis can also develop because of using poor shoes on rigid flat surfaces because they put excessive pressure on the band tissue leading to plantar fasciitis, this is normally seen in people with a job that demand long hours of standing or obese people.
Some of the common signs of plantar fasciitis includes sharp and stabbing pain emanating from the lower part of the heel, arch pains, pain which worsen on standing, the pain increases over time, and swelling on the bottom of the heel. People suffering from plantar fasciitis explain that pain worsens on standing after sitting for a considerable amount of time, however, walking decreases the pain because it stretches the fascia.
Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is arrived at after foot and ankle surgeon examines a patient foot and during the process rule out all other types of heel pain, however, before a final diagnosis is made the surgeon will first obtain your medical history, to pinpoint the type of heel pain a patient has, the doctor may use imaging diagnostic such as x-rays, there are some cases where patients with plantar fasciitis have been found to have heel spurs, this is a rare thing but it happens, in such case, the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Some of the non-surgical treatment available to manage or treat plantar fasciitis includes stretches of calf muscles, avoiding walking barefoot, use ice, 20 min daily to reduce inflammation, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and use shoes that are designed with supportive arch.